Laravel 源码学习笔记 3:App 容器解析 kernel 实例

上篇文章,介绍了初始化app容器对象并注册了一些基础服务,这篇讲app容器解析http的kernel实例。
http请求的kernel核心类在app实例初始化后就进行了绑定

$app->singleton(
    Illuminate\Contracts\Http\Kernel::class,
    App\Http\Kernel::class
);

可以看到Illuminate\Contracts\Http\Kernel::class 的实现类是 App\Http\Kernel::class,而App\Http\Kernel::class又继承Illuminate\Foundation\Http\Kernel::class,所以当app容器要解析个kernel对象的时候,就会去根据已经绑定好的依赖找对应的实现类。

//解析kernel http 核心类
$kernel = $app->make(Illuminate\Contracts\Http\Kernel::class);

查看Application.php的make方法

public function make($abstract, array $parameters = [])
    {
        $abstract = $this->getAlias($abstract);
        if ($abstract == 'Illuminate\Contracts\Http\Kernel'){
//            dd($parameters);
        }

        //如果这个服务是延迟加载的,就去触发延迟加载服务提供者方法
        if (isset($this->deferredServices[$abstract]) && ! isset($this->instances[$abstract])) {
            $this->loadDeferredProvider($abstract);
        }
        //返回接口解析的对象
        return parent::make($abstract, $parameters);
    }

查看父类container.php的make方法

public function make($abstract, array $parameters = [])
{
    return $this->resolve($abstract, $parameters);
}

protected function resolve($abstract, $parameters = [])
{

    $abstract = $this->getAlias($abstract);

    $needsContextualBuild = ! empty($parameters) || ! is_null(
        $this->getContextualConcrete($abstract)
    );

    // If an instance of the type is currently being managed as a singleton we'll
    // just return an existing instance instead of instantiating new instances
    // so the developer can keep using the same objects instance every time.
    // 如果已经存在该服务的实例就直接返回
    if (isset($this->instances[$abstract]) && ! $needsContextualBuild) {
        return $this->instances[$abstract];
    }

    $this->with[] = $parameters;

    $concrete = $this->getConcrete($abstract);

    // We're ready to instantiate an instance of the concrete type registered for
    // the binding. This will instantiate the types, as well as resolve any of
    // its "nested" dependencies recursively until all have gotten resolved.
    // 判断是否还存在依赖,如果还在,就去析嵌套的依赖,直到它们可以去构建
    if ($this->isBuildable($concrete, $abstract)) {
        $object = $this->build($concrete);
    } else {
        $object = $this->make($concrete);
    }

    // If we defined any extenders for this type, we'll need to spin through them
    // and apply them to the object being built. This allows for the extension
    // of services, such as changing configuration or decorating the object.
    foreach ($this->getExtenders($abstract) as $extender) {
        $object = $extender($object, $this);
    }

    // If the requested type is registered as a singleton we'll want to cache off
    // the instances in "memory" so we can return it later without creating an
    // entirely new instance of an object on each subsequent request for it.
    if ($this->isShared($abstract) && ! $needsContextualBuild) {
        $this->instances[$abstract] = $object;
    }

    $this->fireResolvingCallbacks($abstract, $object);

    // Before returning, we will also set the resolved flag to "true" and pop off
    // the parameter overrides for this build. After those two things are done
    // we will be ready to return back the fully constructed class instance.
    $this->resolved[$abstract] = true;

    array_pop($this->with);

    return $object;
}

从返回的变量名称可以看出,返回的就是个对象实例,也就是说make方法返回该绑定的实例,里面有个$this->build方法,点进去发现

public function build($concrete)
{
    // If the concrete type is actually a Closure, we will just execute it and
    // hand back the results of the functions, which allows functions to be
    // used as resolvers for more fine-tuned resolution of these objects.
    if ($concrete instanceof Closure) {
        return $concrete($this, $this->getLastParameterOverride());
    }

    $reflector = new ReflectionClass($concrete);

    // If the type is not instantiable, the developer is attempting to resolve
    // an abstract type such as an Interface of Abstract Class and there is
    // no binding registered for the abstractions so we need to bail out.
    if (! $reflector->isInstantiable()) {
        return $this->notInstantiable($concrete);
    }

    $this->buildStack[] = $concrete;

    $constructor = $reflector->getConstructor();

    // If there are no constructors, that means there are no dependencies then
    // we can just resolve the instances of the objects right away, without
    // resolving any other types or dependencies out of these containers.
    if (is_null($constructor)) {
        array_pop($this->buildStack);

        return new $concrete;
    }

    $dependencies = $constructor->getParameters();

    // Once we have all the constructor's parameters we can create each of the
    // dependency instances and then use the reflection instances to make a
    // new instance of this class, injecting the created dependencies in.
    $instances = $this->resolveDependencies(
        $dependencies
    );

    array_pop($this->buildStack);

    return $reflector->newInstanceArgs($instances);
}

build 就是利用反射获取了类对象,就这样,kernel的实例,就从容器中解析出来了。

有什么不对或有疑问的地方请大佬们指正:)

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