翻译 | 新手开始学习编程的正确姿势

文起

最近因为疫情的原因,我没有出去找工作。我不会的东西还有很多,野路子学的一些编程知识都不系统化。目前已经感觉到技术提升遭遇瓶颈,想在家里沉淀一下。

我在朋友圈还打出 180 天前端逆袭计划 的口号 ,但是自己又总有些踌躇不定。上次写的 CSS 学习笔记我都已经忘记了—— CSS布局之水平居中布局

偶然在 Medium 看到了一篇文章,比较认同作者 Lucas F. LuThe Correct Way To Begin Learning How To Code 一文中的观点,遂于作者取得联系,申请翻译许可。

方法

我的翻译方法是段落机翻。每一段文章都用谷歌翻译直接翻译成中文,然后自己在机翻的基础上去做润色。

为什么这么做?

  • 一我英语真的差,因为学习编程的缘故,不怕英语而已,不怕并不代表我会,但是不怕英语,我就可以迈出第一步。
  • 效率问题。这样就不会去逐字逐句去研究,在我的英语基础上,能够最高效率地完成翻译一篇英文文章的任务。
  • 学习英语呗。这也是逐步学习英语的一种方式。

正题

So, I have taken the first step and decided to fiddle the idea of programming, now what?

因此,我迈出了第一步,决定摆弄编程的想法,现在呢?


翻译 | 新手开始学习编程的正确姿势

A guide for anyone to start writing codes

任何人开始编写代码的指南


First and foremost, I would like you to answer yourself the question of “WHY?”.

首先,我想请您自己回答一个问题“为什么?”。


Many people dive straight into learning without even knowing why they are doing so. I mean, people often don’t have a clue of what they want to do with this newly learned skill after they completed the course. They just thought they needed the knowledge.

许多人甚至不知道为什么这么做而直接投入学习。我的意思是,人们在完成课程后通常不知道如何使用这种新学到的技能。他们只是认为他们需要知识。


This is essentially important in my point of view as it could waste a vast amount of energy and time when studying for the wrong cause. So, please take a pause and think about how you are going to use what you are about to learn.

在我看来,这是至关重要的,因为在研究错误原因时可能会浪费大量精力和时间。因此,请暂停一下,想一想您将如何使用要学习的内容。


Allow me to demonstrate why knowing how to use your knowledge is crucial before knowing them.

请允许我展示为什么在了解知识之前先知道如何使用您的知识至关重要。


There are different programming languages on the market because they are designed for different types of works. The subject of programming actually covers many different fields and each field involves a different working environment, different language and design flow. For example,If you are interested in mobile app development, you would be better off learning Objective-C, swift (for Apple platform) or Java (for android platform).

市场上有不同的编程语言,因为它们是为不同类型的作品设计的。编程主题实际上涵盖了许多不同的领域,并且每个领域都涉及不同的工作环境,不同的语言和设计流程。例如,如果您对移动应用程序开发感兴趣,那么最好学习Objective-C,swift(对于 Apple 平台)或 Java(对于 android 平台)。


If desktop software is your thing, then C, C++, .Net could be your choice.

如果您喜欢台式机软件,那么可以选择 C,C ++ 和 .Net。


If you fancy the idea of building websites, then perhaps PHP is your scope of learning.

如果您喜欢构建网站的想法,那么PHP可能是您的学习范围。


If you only like to work at the front-end of websites, then maybe JavaScript, CSS, HTML is what you need.

如果您只喜欢网站的前端工作,则可能需要学习 JavaScript,CSS,HTML。


If you like to stay ahead of the web development trend and be at the edge of the technology, then perhaps at the time of this writing, React, Vue.js, Web Assembly is your target.

如果您想保持 Web 开发趋势的领先地位并处于技术前沿,那么在撰写本文时,也许React,Vue.js 和 Web Assembly 是您的目标。


If you want to be a hardcore developer and wanting to build hardware drivers, 3D graphics, or even robots. You may want to check out C, or Python.

如果您想成为一名铁杆开发人员,并且想要构建硬件驱动程序,3D图形甚至机器人。您可能想使用 C 或 Python。


If you are furious about A.I. taking your jobs and seeking vengeance, then Python is surely your weapon of choice.

如果您对 AI 让你失去工作感到愤怒并寻求报复,那么 Python 无疑是您选择的武器。


It is important to know that you don’t need to master everything that’s out there. People with a clear understanding of their field of work often are experts in a few languages and super effective at what they work on.

重要的是要知道您不需要掌握那里的所有内容。清楚地了解自己的工作领域的人们通常都是几种语言的专家,并且他们在工作上非常有效。


As you can see, knowing the field of work helps you set your career path before you blindly decide to learn anything you find on the internet. Take a moment, find out what interests you and pick a field to learn.

如您所见,了解工作领域有助于您在盲目决定学习互联网上的任何知识之前确定自己的职业道路。花一点时间,找出您感兴趣的内容,然后选择一个要学习的领域。


After all, it is a joy to work on something you are passionate about and for an industry you are interested in.

毕竟,为自己感兴趣的行业工作并对自己感兴趣的行业感到高兴。

作结

  • 学习编程,要知道你的目标,有了清晰的目标,就能反向推导出你所需要的技能。
  • 编程是为了解决问题。编程 = 算法 + 数据结构。算法和数据结构都是解决编程问题的手段或途径。
  • 学会编程,而不是学会编程语言。
  • 技术为商业服务。技术上的理想主义,现实上你会饿肚子。使用你掌握的编程知识去创造出商业价值,简单一点说,就是赚钱。
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