vmware安装VMware Tools,并设置共享目录

首先,在wmware15上安装好centos7系统后,wmware会提示我们安装wmware tools工具,可以直接点击安装即可,或者直接右键点击虚拟机,选择安装VMware Tools,看下图:

vmware安装VMware Tools,并设置共享目录

这是替换光盘的,可以先卸载原光盘umount /dev/cdrom,点击是即可
vmware安装VMware Tools,并设置共享目录

vmware安装VMware Tools,并设置共享目录

此时,我们得挂载cdrom,可以先创建一个目录mkdir /media/cdrom,然后挂载mount /dev/cdrom /media/cdrom

接下来,我们将/media/cdrom的VMwareTools-10.3.21-14772444.tar.gz复制到自己家目录下,并解压,然后执行vmware-install.pl

cp /media/cdrom/VMwareTools-10.3.21-14772444.tar.gz ~
tar -zxvf VMwareTools-10.3.21-14772444.tar.gz
cd vmware-tools-distrib/
./vmware-install.pl

接下来,会进入安装的交互式模式下,一步步说明:

Do you still want to proceed with this installation? [no] yes

In which directory do you want to install the binary files? 
[/usr/bin] 直接回车就是选择默认的

What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)? 
[/etc/rc.d] 

What is the directory that contains the init scripts? 
[/etc/rc.d/init.d] 

In which directory do you want to install the daemon files? 
[/usr/sbin] 

In which directory do you want to install the library files? 
[/usr/lib/vmware-tools] 

The path "/usr/lib/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program is 
going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want?
[yes] yes

In which directory do you want to install the common agent library files? 
[/usr/lib] 

In which directory do you want to install the common agent transient files? 
[/var/lib] 

In which directory do you want to install the documentation files? 
[/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools] 

The path "/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program 
is going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you 
want? [yes] 

Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by 
invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". Do you want 
this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes] yes

The VMware Host-Guest Filesystem allows for shared folders between the host OS 
and the guest OS in a Fusion or Workstation virtual environment.  Do you wish 
to enable this feature? [yes] yes

The path "/bin/gcc" appears to be a valid path to the gcc binary.
Would you like to change it? [no]


这里要注意,内核头文件路径为空
Searching for a valid kernel header path...
The path "" is not a valid path to the 3.10.0-1127.el7.x86_64 kernel headers.
Would you like to change it? [yes] 
如何解决,可以参考这篇文章https://blog.csdn.net/w790634493/article/details/80525238
具体意思就让uname -r查询的内核版本,kernel-headers,kernel-devel的版本保持一致

然后reboot重启,继续之前的安装步骤,一路走下去,
Searching for a valid kernel header path...
Detected the kernel headers at 
"/lib/modules/3.10.0-1127.19.1.el7.x86_64/build/include".
The path "/lib/modules/3.10.0-1127.19.1.el7.x86_64/build/include" appears to be
a valid path to the 3.10.0-1127.19.1.el7.x86_64 kernel headers.
Would you like to change it? [no] 回车
...
...
The vmblock enables dragging or copying files between host and guest in a 
Fusion or Workstation virtual environment.  Do you wish to enable this feature?
[yes] 

Would you like to enable VMware automatic kernel modules?
[yes] no

Do you want to enable Guest Authentication (vgauth)? Enabling vgauth is needed 
if you want to enable Common Agent (caf). [yes] no

到此,后面不出错的话,安装基本完成

现在,让我们配置虚拟机与主机的共享目录:
本地主机:C:\www\centos7-workerman

vmware安装VMware Tools,并设置共享目录

vmware安装VMware Tools,并设置共享目录

这个也可以启用起来,很有用

vmware安装VMware Tools,并设置共享目录

vmware tools虚拟机中共享的默认位置为/mnt/hgfs/,接下来,我们还得安装一下这个yum install open-vm-tools-devel -y 不然下面的挂载很可能会报错;

在/etc/fstab文件中,添加挂载点

vim /etc/fstab
...
.host:/centos7-workerman /www/wwwroot fuse.vmhgfs-fuse allow_other,uid=1000,gid=1000,umask=022 0 0

mkdir -p /www/wwwroot/

mount -a

其中的centos7-workerman就是上面本地主机目录的别名,/www/wwwroot就是虚拟机系统中的目录,allow_other,uid=1000,gid=1000,umask=022这个就是允许某用户访问权限的,可不写,换成defaults

mount -a 不出错,则检查共享同步情况
至此,本地主机和虚拟机系统之间的目录共享设置完毕

另外,对于安装时的英文,看不懂可以用翻译软件

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