spring cloud 2020 gateway 报错503

POM文件依赖

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <!--gateway fhadmin.org-->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-gateway</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.2</version>
    </dependency>
    <!--spring-boot fhadmin.org-->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
        <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

我在父组件中加入的nacos的相关依赖如下:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.alibaba.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-alibaba-nacos-config</artifactId>
    <version>${nacos.version}</version>
</dependency>
<!--alibaba fhadmin.org-->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.alibaba.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-alibaba-nacos-discovery</artifactId>
    <version>${nacos.version}</version>
</dependency>

nacos的版本如下:

<properties>
    <nacos.version>2021.1</nacos.version>
</properties>

gateway的application.yml文件配置如下:

#fhadmin.org
server:
  port: 9040

spring:
  application:
    name: gateway
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
        - id: consumer
          uri: lb://consumer
          #          uri: http://localhost:9010
          predicates:
            - Path=/**
    nacos:
      discovery:
        server-addr: localhost:8848
        metadata:
          preserved.heart.beat.interval: 3 #心跳间隔。时间单位:秒。心跳间隔
          preserved.heart.beat.timeout: 6 #心跳暂停。时间单位:秒。 即服务端6秒收不到客户端心跳,会将该客户端注册的实例设为不健康:
          preserved.ip.delete.timeout: 9 #Ip删除超时。时间单位:秒。即服务端9秒收不到客户端心跳,会将该客户端注册的实例删除:

当我通过uri: http://localhost:9010去调用服务时,是可以调用的,但是当我用uri lb://consumer时就无法调用服务,报错503.

解决办法是:
加入feign依赖。

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-gateway</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.2</version>
    </dependency>

    <!--fegin组件 fhadmin.cn-->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-openfeign</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.2</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- Feign Client for loadBalancing -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-cloud-loadbalancer</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.2</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
        <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

猜测原因:nacos兼容feign,feign集成ribbon,默认实现负载均衡;或许是nacos不兼容springcloud gateway自带的ribbon。

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