PHP-lnmp 环境搭建

参考网站:http://www.liyblog.top/p/9
1.nginx和php基本安装

1.更新apt

apt update

2.安装nginx

apt install nginx

3.查看nginx状态

systemctl status nginx

4.安装php

apt install php php-fpm

apt-get install php7.2 php7.2-fpm

5.查看php版本(ubuntu 默认安装php7.2)

php -v

2.nginx配置php-fpm

1.查看nginx具体位置,查找nginx配置文件位置(当前是在 /etc/nginx )

whereis nginx

2.进入站点配置目录

cd /etc/nginx/sites-available

3.配置站点信息

    server配置注意:

    1.listen 80; 设置监听端口

    2.root /var/www/html 设置项目目录

    3.index index.php 设置站点目录入口文件

    4.server_name www.liyblog.top 设置站点域名

    5.php配置见下图代码

    6.fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock; (配置socket,要配置相对应版本的php)

    7.删除/etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default 文件

    8.链接到站点目录    ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/blog /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/blog(这一步很重要必须执行)

server {

        listen 80;

        #listen [::]:80 default_server;

        # SSL configuration

        #

        # listen 443 ssl default_server;

        # listen [::]:443 ssl default_server;

        #

        # Note: You should disable gzip for SSL traffic.

        # See: <https://bugs.debian.org/773332>

        #

        # Read up on ssl_ciphers to ensure a secure configuration.

        # See: <https://bugs.debian.org/765782>

        #

        # Self signed certs generated by the ssl-cert package

        # Don't use them in a production server!

        #

        # include snippets/snakeoil.conf;

        root /var/[www/html](http://www/html);

        # Add index.php to the list if you are using PHP

        index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;

        server_name [www.default.](http://www.liyblog.top/)com;

        location / {

                # First attempt to serve request as file, then

                # as directory, then fall back to displaying a 404.

                try_files $uri $uri/ =404;

        }

        # pass PHP scripts to FastCGI server

        #

        location ~ \.php$ {

                include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;

        #

        #      # With php-fpm (or other unix sockets):

                fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;

        #      # With php-cgi (or other tcp sockets):

        #      fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;

        }

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root

        # concurs with nginx's one

        #

        #location ~ /\.ht {

        #      deny all;

        #}

}

3.安装配置mysql

1.安装mysql

apt install mysql-server 

2.查看mysql

netstat -tap | grep mysql

3.设置mysql初始密码

mysql_secure_installation

4.安装配置phpmyadmin

1.安装phpmyadmin

apt install phpmyadmin

** 注意:Web 自动选择: apache ,lightd 一个都不选!

2.nginx配置phpmyadmin

1)、为了统一,将 phpmyadmin ln 到 /var/www

     sudo ln -s /usr/share/phpmyadmin /var/www/phpmyadmin

2)、直接 cp default 过来修改

    cd /etc/nginx/sites-available/

    sudo cp default phpmyadmin

3)sudo vim /etc/nginx/site-available/phpmyadmin

    修改这个 phpmyadmin 以下 2 处

    listen 999;(此处需要在阿里云平台放行999端口)

     root /var/www/phpmyadmin;

4)、连接到 sites-enabled

    sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/phpmyadmin /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/phpmyadmin

5)测试、重启 nginx 服务

    sudo nginx -t

    必须测试正确!

    sudo systemctl restart nginx

3.访问phpmyadmin(需要加上index.php)

http://IP地址:999/index.php

phpmyadmin账户

默认用户名:phpmyadmin 

密码:自己设置的密码

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