(分享)第一次寫的爬蟲學習 Instagram Crawler User Profile v0.1

Purpore

Create a crawler to download Profile detail into local folder via the usename or useid.
開源地址:https://github.com/kengsley1993/instagram_...
希望大家可以多給意見我,令我改進 謝謝

Usage

  • Python 3.6
  • urllib
  • pyquery
  • PyMySQL
  • MySQL
  • pyspider
  • Scrapy

Setup

Create a project folder:

scrapy startproject instagram_user

Create a spider crawl into project folder:

scrapy spider user_crawler www.instagram.com

Information

The information need to crawl:

  • user's id
  • username
  • post's id
  • post's liked
  • post's caption
  • post's commit count
  • post's images and videos

Project

1. Spider (user_crawler)

1.1 Send Requests

Capture the user information from 'https://www.instagram.com/graphql/query/?query_hash=e769aa130647d2354c40ea6a439bfc08&variables={'id':{userid},'first':'12','after':{after_string}}'
It will return a json data.

base_url = 'https://www.instagram.com/graphql/query/?'
if settings.USERID is '':
    find_id_url = 'https://www.instagram.com/' + settings.USERNAME
    response = requests.get(find_id_url, headers=headers)
    result = re.search('"profilePage_(.*?)"', response.text)
    settings.USERID = result[1]

param = {
    'query_hash': 'e769aa130647d2354c40ea6a439bfc08',
    'variables': '{"id":"'+ settings.USERID +'","first":12}',
}

def start_requests(self):
    url = self.base_url + urlencode(self.param)
    yield Request(url, headers=headers, callback=self.parse)

1.2 Data Collect

Decoding the response by using json format:

data_json = json.loads(response.text)
data = data_json.get('data').get('user').get('edge_owner_to_timeline_media')

1.3 Store Item

Collect the data json into own database settings format for store into mysql and download images and videos in local folder.

for user_detail in data.get('edges'):
    user_node = user_detail.get('node')
    item = InstagramUserItem()
    item['postid'] = user_node.get('id')
    item['username'] = user_node.get('owner').get('username')
    if settings.USERNAME is '':
        settings.USERNAME = user_node.get('owner').get('username')
    item['userid'] = user_node.get('owner').get('id')
    item['liked'] = user_node.get('edge_media_preview_like').get('count')
    try:
        item['caption'] = user_node.get('edge_media_to_caption').get('edges')[0].get('node').get('text')
    except:
        item['caption'] = ''
    item['comment'] = user_node.get('edge_media_to_comment').get('count')

    video_link = ''
    images_link = ''
    if user_node.get('edge_sidecar_to_children'):
        child_edges = user_node.get('edge_sidecar_to_children').get('edges')
        for child in child_edges:
            node = child.get('node')
            if user_node.get('is_video'):
                # get video link
                video_link += node.get('video_url')+';'
            else:
                images_link += node.get('display_url')+';'
    else:
        if user_node.get('is_video'):
            video_link = user_node.get('video_url')+';'
        else:
            images_link = user_node.get('display_url')+';'
    item['image_list'] = images_link
    item['video_list'] = video_link

    yield item

Get the next page and recall the request:

page_info = data.get('page_info')
if page_info.get('has_next_page'):
    temp_variables = json.loads(self.param.get('variables'))
    temp_variables['after'] = page_info.get('end_cursor')
    self.param['variables'] = json.dumps(temp_variables)
    url = self.base_url + urlencode(self.param)
    yield Request(url, headers=headers, callback=self.parse)

2. Items

Setup the data elements for data storing and usage in item pipeline.

collection = table = 'user_post'
postid = Field()
userid = Field()
username = Field()
liked = Field()
caption = Field()
comment = Field()
image_list = Field()
video_list = Field()

3. Pipelines

3.1 FilePipeline

Download the videos or images and store into local folder.

def file_path(self, request, response=None, info=None):
    file_name = settings.USERNAME + '/' + os.path.basename(urlparse(request.url).path)
    return file_name

def item_completed(self, results, item, info):
    image_paths = [x['path'] for ok, x in results if ok]
    if not image_paths:
        raise DropItem('Image Downloaded Failed')
    return item

def get_media_requests(self, item, info):
    for url in item['image_list'].split(';'):
        yield Request(url)
    for url in item['video_list'].split(';'):
        yield Request(url)

3.2 MySQL Pipeline (Future)

4. Settings

Enter username or userid to caption the profile:

USERID = '[Enter instagram userid]'
USERNAME = '[Enter instagram username]'

Setup the item pipelines:

ITEM_PIPELINES = {
   'instagram_user.pipelines.FilePipeline': 301,
}

FILES_STORE = './user'

Run

Start the crawler, store the image and information into local

scrapy crawl user_crawler
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讨论数量: 1

nice work bro😜!just review ur depository。Keep going。

your codes would be better like this:

define your parameter:

__init__(self):
slef.sth = ...

Integrating fragmentary fragment functions,your codes would be some..😋stronge.

2周前 评论

请勿发布不友善或者负能量的内容。与人为善,比聪明更重要!