快如闪电的安装php7.4套件(centos 8)

快如闪电的安装php7.4套件(centos 8)

本文只考虑centos8

本文编写时间:2020-11-14
remi是一个php安装仓库。是rpm包。
到底有多快?以下全部软件安装时间大概2分钟(不含操作系统)。

本文各软件版本

centos 8
php 7.4.12
nginx 1.18
mysql 8.0.21
redis 5.0.3 
git 2.18.4


首先,安装阿里的 centos 仓库。(centos 8)

curl -o /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-8.repo
rm -f  /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-centosplus.repo
rm -f  /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-PowerTools.repo
rm -f  /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Extras.repo
rm -f  /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-AppStream.repo
dnf makecache
dnf repolist


安装阿里的 epel 仓库。(centos 8)

dnf install -y epel-release

sed -i 's|^#baseurl=https://download.fedoraproject.org/pub|baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com|' /etc/yum.repos.d/epel*

sed -i 's|^metalink|#metalink|' /etc/yum.repos.d/epel*
dnf makecache
dnf repolist


安装阿里的 remi 的仓库(centos 8)

dnf install -y https://mirrors.aliyun.com/remi/enterprise/remi-release-8.rpm

sed -i  's/https*:\/\/rpms.remirepo.net/https:\/\/mirrors.aliyun.com\/remi/g'  /etc/yum.repos.d/remi*

sed -i 's/#baseurl/baseurl/g' /etc/yum.repos.d/remi*

快如闪电的最关键是下一句,清除镜像列表!!否则又去读取国外的镜像了。

sed -i 's|^mirrorlist|#mirrorlist|' /etc/yum.repos.d/remi*

dnf makecache
dnf repolist


安装 php(centos 8)

dnf install -y yum-utils

dnf install -y php74 php74-php-devel  php74-php-fpm  php74-php-mbstring php74-php-memcache php74-php-memcached php74-php-redis  php74-php-mysqlnd  php74-php-pdo  php74-php-bcmath php74-php-xml php74-php-gd php74-php-gmp php74-php-igbinary php74-php-imagick   php74-php-mcrypt  php74-php-pdo_mysql php74-php-posix php74-php-simplexml  php74-php-opcache php74-php-xsl php74-php-xmlwriter php74-php-xmlreader php74-php-swoole php74-php-zip php74-php-phalcon  php74-php-yaml php74-php-yar php74-php-yaf php74-php-uuid

体验到快如闪电的速度了吧!

安装阿里的 composer 镜像源(centos 8)

ln -s /usr/bin/php74 /usr/bin/php

curl -o /usr/local/bin/composer https://mirrors.aliyun.com/composer/composer.phar

chmod +x /usr/local/bin/composer

注意观察,确认安装成功,且大版本是2.0

composer -V

立刻设置composer 的镜像源为阿里

composer config -g repo.packagist composer https://mirrors.aliyun.com/composer/


安装 nginx 并整合 php-fpm 服务(centos 8)

# 下面这个echo是一句命令,得一起复制

echo $'[nginx-stable]
name=nginx stable repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgkey=https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key
module_hotfixes=true ' > /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo

# 上面是一条echo命令。

dnf makecache
dnf install -y nginx
systemctl enable nginx
systemctl enable php74-php-fpm
sed -i 's/user\ =\ apache/user\ =\ nginx/g' /etc/opt/remi/php74/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's/group\ =\ apache/group\ =\ nginx/g' /etc/opt/remi/php74/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's/listen\ =\ \/var\/opt\/remi\/php74\/run\/php-fpm\/www.sock/listen=9000/g' /etc/opt/remi/php74/php-fpm.d/www.conf

rm -f /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf
vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf

/etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf 文件内容如下

server {
    listen       80;
    server_name  localhost;
    charset utf-8 ;
    access_log  /var/log/nginx/host.access.log  main;
    root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
    index index.php  index.html index.htm;
    error_page 404  500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
    location = /50x.html {
        root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
    }
    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
    }
    location ~ \.php$ {
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $realpath_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include        fastcgi_params;
    }
}

添加一个 php 文件如下:

vi /usr/share/nginx/html/1.php

<?php
phpinfo();

启动 php-fpm 和 nginx 并验证安装正确

systemctl start nginx
systemctl start php74-php-fpm

curl localhost/1.php
# 如果能看到很多的大量输出,说明php和nginx正确安装了。


安装mysql 8(centos 8)

实际也用了阿里的镜像,因为是从AppStream库下载的。

dnf install -y @mysql
systemctl enable mysqld
systemctl start mysqld
mysql -uroot

上面的命令就可以登陆。
说明:用此方法安装好的mysql服务默认账号root,默认密码空


安装redis,git 以及其他常用库(centos 8)

dnf install -y  git wget vim redis zip unzip p7zip rsync crontabs supervisor net-tools python3
systemctl enable redis
systemctl start redis

总结(centos 8)

用了国内镜像会速度极快,下载包的速度:3MB/秒,惊人的快!
无论docker还是centos环境都非常的快!!
整个安装过程就是吃着阿里,喝着阿里,真想唱支山歌给阿里听~

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