快如闪电的安装php7.4套件(centos 7)

快如闪电的安装php7.4套件(centos 7)

本文只考虑centos7

本文编写时间:2020-11-16
remi是一个php安装仓库。是rpm包。
到底有多快?主要取决于mysql 8 的安装,全部软件的安装时间总共约3到5分钟(不含操作系统)。

本文各软件版本

centos 7
php 7.4.12
nginx 1.18
mysql 8.0.22
redis 6.0.9
git 2.24.3 


首先,安装阿里的 centos 仓库。(centos 7)

curl -o /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo
sed -i -e '/mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/d' -e '/mirrors.aliyuncs.com/d' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo
yum makecache
yum repolist


安装阿里的 epel 仓库。(centos 7)

curl -o /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo

yum makecache
yum repolist


安装阿里的 remi 的仓库(centos 7)

yum install -y https://mirrors.aliyun.com/remi/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm

sed -i  's/https*:\/\/rpms.remirepo.net/https:\/\/mirrors.aliyun.com\/remi/g'  /etc/yum.repos.d/remi*
sed -i 's/#baseurl/baseurl/g' /etc/yum.repos.d/remi*
sed -i 's|^mirrorlist|#mirrorlist|' /etc/yum.repos.d/remi*

yum makecache
yum repolist

yum -y install yum-utils


安装 php(centos 7)

yum-config-manager --enable remi-php74

yum install -y php74 php74-php-devel  php74-php-fpm  php74-php-mbstring php74-php-memcache php74-php-memcached php74-php-redis  php74-php-mysqlnd  php74-php-pdo  php74-php-bcmath php74-php-xml php74-php-gd php74-php-gmp php74-php-igbinary php74-php-imagick   php74-php-mcrypt  php74-php-pdo_mysql php74-php-posix php74-php-simplexml  php74-php-opcache php74-php-xsl php74-php-xmlwriter php74-php-xmlreader php74-php-swoole php74-php-zip php74-php-phalcon  php74-php-yaml php74-php-yar php74-php-yaf php74-php-uuid

体验到快如闪电的速度了吧!

安装阿里的 composer 镜像源(centos 7)

ln -s /usr/bin/php74 /usr/bin/php

curl -o /usr/local/bin/composer https://mirrors.aliyun.com/composer/composer.phar

chmod +x /usr/local/bin/composer

composer config -g repo.packagist composer https://mirrors.aliyun.com/composer/ 


安装 nginx 并整合 php-fpm 服务(centos 7)

# 下面这个echo是一句命令,得一起复制

echo $'[nginx-stable]
name=nginx stable repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgkey=https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key
module_hotfixes=true ' > /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo

# 上面是一条echo命令。

yum makecache
yum install -y nginx
systemctl enable nginx
systemctl enable php74-php-fpm
sed -i 's/user\ =\ apache/user\ =\ nginx/g' /etc/opt/remi/php74/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's/group\ =\ apache/group\ =\ nginx/g' /etc/opt/remi/php74/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's/listen\ =\ \/var\/opt\/remi\/php74\/run\/php-fpm\/www.sock/listen=9000/g' /etc/opt/remi/php74/php-fpm.d/www.conf

rm -f /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf
vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf

/etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf 文件内容如下

server {
    listen       80;
    server_name  localhost;
    charset utf-8 ;
    access_log  /var/log/nginx/host.access.log  main;
    root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
    index index.php  index.html index.htm;
    error_page 404  500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
    location = /50x.html {
        root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
    }
    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
    }
    location ~ \.php$ {
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $realpath_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include        fastcgi_params;
    }
}

添加一个 php 文件如下:

vi /usr/share/nginx/html/1.php

<?php
phpinfo();

启动 php-fpm 和 nginx 并验证安装正确

systemctl start nginx
systemctl start php74-php-fpm

curl localhost/1.php
# 如果能看到很多的大量输出,说明php和nginx正确安装了。


安装mysql 8(centos 7)

rpm -Uvh https://repo.mysql.com/mysql80-community-release-el7-3.noarch.rpm
sed -i 's/enabled=1/enabled=0/' /etc/yum.repos.d/mysql-community.repo

# 下面这句安装mysql服务,因为总下载大约530M,没有办法,时间大概3到5分钟左右。

yum --enablerepo=mysql80-community install mysql-community-server

systemctl enable mysqld
systemctl start mysqld

# 查看初始密码:
grep 'temporary password' /var/log/mysqld.log

# 用查看到的密码进入mysql 的 shell
mysql -uroot -p

下面,整套设置新用户流程,先改初始,再加新用户并授权,再删除老用户。

set global validate_password.policy=LOW;
ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'aaaa1234';
flush privileges;
create user 'root'@'%' identified by 'root1234';
ALTER USER 'root'@'%' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'root1234';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'%';
drop user root@localhost;
flush privileges;

退出shell,重新进入。

现在就可以直接进入shell

mysql -uroot -proot1234

# 这句话查看用户的加密方式。
select user, host, plugin from mysql.user\G;

# plugin: caching_sha2_password 表示老的MySQL客户端无法连接!


安装阿里镜像源 ius 内的 git(centos 7)

安装这个的理由是 centos7 带的 git 大版本是 1,真的太老了。
另外这里也一定要薅到阿里的羊毛~

yum install -y https://mirrors.aliyun.com/ius/ius-release-el7.rpm
sed -i  's/https:\/\/repo.ius.io/https:\/\/mirrors.aliyun.com\/ius/g'  /etc/yum.repos.d/ius*
yum makecache
yum install -y git224


安装 redis 6 以及其他常用库(centos 7)

yum --enablerepo=remi install -y redis
yum install -y  wget vim zip unzip p7zip rsync crontabs supervisor net-tools python3
systemctl enable redis
systemctl start redis

总结(centos 7)

用了国内镜像会速度极快,下载包的速度:3MB/秒,惊人的快
mysql安装有时也非常快,有时慢。本文只有mysql有点慢了。

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