Laravel 使用 rabbitmq 异步发送邮件小案例.

一. rabbitmq环境配置

1.下载Erlang.rabbirmq的依赖环境

window官方下载地址官网:http://www.erlang.org/downloads
linux环境:rpm -Uvh http://www.rabbitmq.com/releases/erlang/erlang-18.1-1.el7.centos.x86_64.rpm 

2.下载RabbitMQ Server

window官方下载地址官网:http://www.rabbitmq.com/download.html,我是windows,直接下载安装
linux环境: rpm -Uvh http://www.rabbitmq.com/releases/rabbitmq-server/v3.5.6/rabbitmq-server-3.5.6-1.noarch.rpm 

3.安装成功后,window打开rabbitmq 命令行。
linux:进入rabbitmq安装目录,../sbin
添加web管理端

rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management

几个常用命令:

  • service rabbitmq-server start
  • service rabbitmq-server restart
  • service rabbitmq-server stop
  • rabbitmqctl status

如下即安装成功:
Laravel5.8 使用 rabbitmq 发送邮件小案例.window,Linux 环境不同配置
4.浏览器输入 http://127.0.0.1:15672
默认登录用户:guest 密码:guest
Laravel5.8 使用 rabbitmq 发送邮件小案例.window,Linux 环境不同配置

二. laravel结合rabbitmq配置

1.laravel项目安装composer命令行

composer require vladimir-yuldashev/laravel-queue-rabbitmq

2.在 config/app.php 文件中,providers 中添加:

VladimirYuldashev\LaravelQueueRabbitMQ\LaravelQueueRabbitMQServiceProvider::class,

3.在 app/config/queue.php 配置文件中的 connections 数组中加入以下配置

 'rabbitmq' => [

            'driver' => 'rabbitmq',

            'dsn' => env('RABBITMQ_DSN', null),

            'factory_class' => Enqueue\AmqpLib\AmqpConnectionFactory::class,

            'host' => env('RABBITMQ_HOST', '127.0.0.1'),
            'port' => env('RABBITMQ_PORT', 5672),

            'vhost' => env('RABBITMQ_VHOST', '/'),
            'login' => env('RABBITMQ_LOGIN', 'guest'),
            'password' => env('RABBITMQ_PASSWORD', 'guest'),

            'queue' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE', 'default'),

            'options' => [

                'exchange' => [

                    'name' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_NAME'),

                    /*
                     * Determine if exchange should be created if it does not exist.
                     */

                    'declare' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_DECLARE', true),

                    /*
                     * Read more about possible values at https://www.rabbitmq.com/tutorials/amqp-concepts.html
                     */

                    'type' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_TYPE', \Interop\Amqp\AmqpTopic::TYPE_DIRECT),
                    'passive' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_PASSIVE', false),
                    'durable' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_DURABLE', true),
                    'auto_delete' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_AUTODELETE', false),
                    'arguments' => env('RABBITMQ_EXCHANGE_ARGUMENTS'),
                ],

                'queue' => [

                    /*
                     * Determine if queue should be created if it does not exist.
                     */

                    'declare' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_DECLARE', true),

                    /*
                     * Determine if queue should be binded to the exchange created.
                     */

                    'bind' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_DECLARE_BIND', true),

                    /*
                     * Read more about possible values at https://www.rabbitmq.com/tutorials/amqp-concepts.html
                     */

                    'passive' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_PASSIVE', false),
                    'durable' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_DURABLE', true),
                    'exclusive' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_EXCLUSIVE', false),
                    'auto_delete' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_AUTODELETE', false),
                    'arguments' => env('RABBITMQ_QUEUE_ARGUMENTS'),
                ],
            ],

            /*
             * Determine the number of seconds to sleep if there's an error communicating with rabbitmq
             * If set to false, it'll throw an exception rather than doing the sleep for X seconds.
             */

            'sleep_on_error' => env('RABBITMQ_ERROR_SLEEP', 5),

            /*
             * Optional SSL params if an SSL connection is used
             * Using an SSL connection will also require to configure your RabbitMQ to enable SSL. More details can be founds here: https://www.rabbitmq.com/ssl.html
             */

            'ssl_params' => [
                'ssl_on' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL', false),
                'cafile' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_CAFILE', null),
                'local_cert' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_LOCALCERT', null),
                'local_key' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_LOCALKEY', null),
                'verify_peer' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_VERIFY_PEER', true),
                'passphrase' => env('RABBITMQ_SSL_PASSPHRASE', null),
            ],

        ],

5.配置env文件

QUEUE_CONNECTION=rabbitmq
RABBITMQ_HOST=127.0.0.1
RABBITMQ_PORT=5672
RABBITMQ_VHOST=/
RABBITMQ_LOGIN=guest
RABBITMQ_PASSWORD=guest
RABBITMQ_QUEUE=blog

6.创建一个队列任务:php artisan make:job Queue

namespace App\Jobs;

use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;
use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;
use Illuminate\Queue\InteractsWithQueue;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldQueue;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Bus\Dispatchable;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Mail;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Redis;

class Queue implements ShouldQueue
{
    use Dispatchable, InteractsWithQueue, Queueable, SerializesModels;

    protected $email;
    /**
     * Create a new job instance.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function __construct($email)
    {
        //
        $this->email=$email;
    }

    /**
     * Execute the job.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function handle()
    {
        try{
            $rand_num=$this->random(6,0);
            Redis::set($this->email,$rand_num);
            Mail::raw($rand_num, function ($message) {
                $message ->to($this->email)->subject('cfun博客邮箱验证');
            });
            echo json_encode(['code'=>200,'msg'=>'Success']);
        }catch (\Exception $exception) {
            echo json_encode(['code'=>0,'msg'=>$exception->getMessage()]);
        }

    }
}

7.创建一个控制器将队列任务写进去

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\Http\Requests\SendEmailRequest;
use App\Jobs\Queue;

class IndexController extends Controller
{

  public function sendEmail(SendEmailRequest $request)
    {
        $email=$request->email;
        //注册发送邮件
        $this->dispatch(new Queue($email));
    }

}

8.配置邮箱env服务

MAIL_DRIVER=smtp
MAIL_HOST=smtp.qq.com//使用qq邮箱服务
MAIL_PORT=587
MAIL_FROM_ADDRESS=1606548133@qq.com
MAIL_USERNAME=1606548133@qq.com
MAIL_PASSWORD=xxxxxxx邮箱授权密码
MAIL_FROM=1606548133@qq.com
MAIL_NAME=cfun

三. 执行命令,消费队列:

如果是线上可以配置supervisor管理,有兴趣的同学自己配置看看.

php artisan queue:work
如果修改队列任务代码,需要:PHP artisan cache:clear

四. 通过路由访问,效果如下:

本地访问:
Laravel5.8 使用 rabbitmq 发送邮件小案例.window,Linux 环境不同配置
线上linux环境访问:
Laravel5.8 使用 rabbitmq 发送邮件小案例.window,Linux 环境不同配置
最后注意:PHP需要开启ampq扩展。如果有不懂的欢迎评论交流

cfun

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